HAMEIRI (Ostrovsky), MOSHE

HAMEIRI (Ostrovsky), MOSHE (1886–1947), rabbi and Mizrachi leader in Ereẓ Israel. Born in Karlin, Belorussia, Hameiri settled in Ereẓ Israel in 1897. He studied at yeshivot in Jerusalem and was ordained by Ḥayyim Berlin and A.I. Kook, becoming rabbi of the Ekron settlement in 1912\>\> . Active from his youth in the Mizrachi movement, in 1919 he became one of the chief planners and organizers of the religious school system in Palestine. Hameiri taught Talmud at the Mizrachi Teachers' Seminary in Jerusalem. He was a member of the Va'ad Le'ummi executive, heading its department of local religious communities. Hameiri helped to organize the Chief Rabbinate in Palestine and was one of the founders of the Kiryat Moshe quarter in west Jerusalem. His books include Ha-Middot she-ha-Torah Nidreshet Bahen ("The Principles by Which the Torah is Expounded," 1924); Mevo ha-Talmud ("Introduction to the Talmud," 1935), a textbook for schools and teachers' seminaries; Toledot ha-Mizrachi be-Ereẓ Yisrael ("The History of Mizrachi in Ereẓ Israel," 1944); and Irgun ha-Yishuv ha-Yehudi be-Ereẓ Yisrael ("The Organization of the Jewish Yishuv in Ereẓ Israel," 1942). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: EẒD, 2 (1960), 122–5; Sefer Ish ha-Torah veha-Ma'aseh (1946), for his 60th birthday, includes bibliography.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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